This monograph presents a report on the results of the
archaeological excavations of the Czech Institute of Egyptology
undertaken from 1987 until 2004 and held in the area of the Abusir
minor tombs clustered around the tombs of the 5th Dynasty kings.
The first chapter is devoted to the excavation and description of
the mastaba of Nebtyemneferes, a rather enigmatic identity probably
a princess who was buried among the tombs of the members of the
royal family in the southern part of the Abusir pyramid necropolis.
The tomb includes common features of Abusir tombs of the period.The
second chapter deals with research into the mastaba of Prince
Nakhtsare, located to the south of Raneferef's mortuary temple; it
is the northernmost tomb in a row of tombs located on the southern
border of the royal necropolis. The important position of this very
destroyed tomb is also indicated by its rich burial equipment, as
well as by the masons' marks found on the masonry of the mastaba.
The third chapter is devoted to the pyramid complex of an unknown
queen in a tomb known as Lepsius no. 24. Because a large number of
masons' marks was present on this pyramid's walls, and, in
addition, because of the bad state of preservation of this
monument, we have been able to study in an unique way the methods
used by the ancient architects and builders in the construction of
royal monuments in the middle of the Fifth Dynasty. A further
chapter is dedicated to a most exceptional complex the monument
known to us now as Lepsius no. 25. This monument represents a
double tomb whose name was written as double pyramid.
Unfortunately, it is in a very desolated state of preservation, so
much so that many details of its intriguing architecture as well as
the burial equipments, etc., have been lost to us forever. The
sixth chapter is devoted to the anthropological material discovered
during the archaeological excavations of these monuments. The
majority of this material is represented by remains coming from the
Late Period cemeteries, which once covered this area. In addition
to this fairly large group, there is one very significant study
featuring the fragments of a female mummy which might have belonged
to the owner of the pyramid complex Lepsius no. 24. A study of the
stone vessels found in the monuments discussed in this monograph
represents an Appendix.