Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan spans the
beginning of the Kamakura period in 1185 through the end of the Edo
(Tokugawa) period in 1868. The medieval and early modern eras in
Japan were largely shaped by the rise of the warrior class. After
1603, with the founding of the Tokugawa shogunate, Japanese culture
changed dramatically, but as cities grew and merchants thrived, the
warrior class became less dominant.