On December 13, 1937, the Japanese army attacked and captured the
Chinese capital city of Nanjing, planting the rising-sun flag atop
the city's outer walls. What occurred in the ensuing weeks and
months has been the source of a tempestuous debate ever since. It
is well known that the Japanese military committed wholesale
atrocities after the fall of the city, massacring large numbers of
Chinese during the both the Battle of Nanjing and in its aftermath.